IFlashLoanReceiver

Never keep funds permanently on your FlashLoanReceiverBase contract as they could be exposed to a 'griefing' attack, where the stored funds are used by an attacker.

When performing a flash loan, the contract receiving the funds must conform to the following solidity interface (also available on Github):

IFlashLoanReceiver.sol
IFlashLoanReceiver.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: agpl-3.0
pragma solidity 0.6.12;
import { ILendingPoolAddressesProvider } from './ILendingPoolAddressesProvider.sol';
import { ILendingPool } from './ILendingPool.sol';
/**
* @title IFlashLoanReceiver interface
* @notice Interface for the Aave fee IFlashLoanReceiver.
* @author Aave
* @dev implement this interface to develop a flashloan-compatible flashLoanReceiver contract
**/
interface IFlashLoanReceiver {
function executeOperation(
address[] calldata assets,
uint256[] calldata amounts,
uint256[] calldata premiums,
address initiator,
bytes calldata params
) external returns (bool);
function ADDRESSES_PROVIDER() external view returns (ILendingPoolAddressesProvider);
function LENDING_POOL() external view returns (ILendingPool);
}

FlashLoanReceiverBase

An example of an abstract contract that can be used as a base in production is below (also available on Github):

The interface for ILendingPoolAddressesProvider can be found here.

FlashLoanReceiverBase.sol
IERC20.sol
SafeERC20.sol
SafeMath.sol
Address.sol
FlashLoanReceiverBase.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: agpl-3.0
pragma solidity ^0.6.8;
import { SafeMath } from './SafeMath.sol';
import { IERC20 } from './IERC20.sol';
import { SafeERC20 } from './SafeERC20.sol';
import { IFlashLoanReceiver } from './IFlashLoanReceiver.sol';
import { ILendingPoolAddressesProvider } from './ILendingPoolAddressesProvider.sol';
import { ILendingPool } from './ILendingPool.sol';
/**
!!!
Never keep funds permanently on your FlashLoanReceiverBase contract as they could be
exposed to a 'griefing' attack, where the stored funds are used by an attacker.
!!!
*/
abstract contract FlashLoanReceiverBase is IFlashLoanReceiver {
using SafeERC20 for IERC20;
using SafeMath for uint256;
ILendingPoolAddressesProvider public immutable override ADDRESSES_PROVIDER;
ILendingPool public immutable override LENDING_POOL;
constructor(ILendingPoolAddressesProvider provider) public {
ADDRESSES_PROVIDER = provider;
LENDING_POOL = ILendingPool(provider.getLendingPool());
}
}
IERC20.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: agpl-3.0
pragma solidity 0.6.8;
/**
* @dev Interface of the ERC20 standard as defined in the EIP.
*/
interface IERC20 {
/**
* @dev Returns the amount of tokens in existence.
*/
function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);
/**
* @dev Returns the amount of tokens owned by `account`.
*/
function balanceOf(address account) external view returns (uint256);
/**
* @dev Moves `amount` tokens from the caller's account to `recipient`.
*
* Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
*
* Emits a {Transfer} event.
*/
function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);
/**
* @dev Returns the remaining number of tokens that `spender` will be
* allowed to spend on behalf of `owner` through {transferFrom}. This is
* zero by default.
*
* This value changes when {approve} or {transferFrom} are called.
*/
function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256);
/**
* @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over the caller's tokens.
*
* Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
*
* IMPORTANT: Beware that changing an allowance with this method brings the risk
* that someone may use both the old and the new allowance by unfortunate
* transaction ordering. One possible solution to mitigate this race
* condition is to first reduce the spender's allowance to 0 and set the
* desired value afterwards:
* https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/20#issuecomment-263524729
*
* Emits an {Approval} event.
*/
function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);
/**
* @dev Moves `amount` tokens from `sender` to `recipient` using the
* allowance mechanism. `amount` is then deducted from the caller's
* allowance.
*
* Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
*
* Emits a {Transfer} event.
*/
function transferFrom(
address sender,
address recipient,
uint256 amount
) external returns (bool);
/**
* @dev Emitted when `value` tokens are moved from one account (`from`) to
* another (`to`).
*
* Note that `value` may be zero.
*/
event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 value);
/**
* @dev Emitted when the allowance of a `spender` for an `owner` is set by
* a call to {approve}. `value` is the new allowance.
*/
event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 value);
}
SafeERC20.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity 0.6.8;
import {IERC20} from './IERC20.sol';
import {SafeMath} from './SafeMath.sol';
import {Address} from './Address.sol';
/**
* @title SafeERC20
* @dev Wrappers around ERC20 operations that throw on failure (when the token
* contract returns false). Tokens that return no value (and instead revert or
* throw on failure) are also supported, non-reverting calls are assumed to be
* successful.
* To use this library you can add a `using SafeERC20 for IERC20;` statement to your contract,
* which allows you to call the safe operations as `token.safeTransfer(...)`, etc.
*/
library SafeERC20 {
using SafeMath for uint256;
using Address for address;
function safeTransfer(
IERC20 token,
address to,
uint256 value
) internal {
callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transfer.selector, to, value));
}
function safeTransferFrom(
IERC20 token,
address from,
address to,
uint256 value
) internal {
callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transferFrom.selector, from, to, value));
}
function safeApprove(
IERC20 token,
address spender,
uint256 value
) internal {
require(
(value == 0) || (token.allowance(address(this), spender) == 0),
'SafeERC20: approve from non-zero to non-zero allowance'
);
callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.approve.selector, spender, value));
}
function callOptionalReturn(IERC20 token, bytes memory data) private {
require(address(token).isContract(), 'SafeERC20: call to non-contract');
// solhint-disable-next-line avoid-low-level-calls
(bool success, bytes memory returndata) = address(token).call(data);
require(success, 'SafeERC20: low-level call failed');
if (returndata.length > 0) {
// Return data is optional
// solhint-disable-next-line max-line-length
require(abi.decode(returndata, (bool)), 'SafeERC20: ERC20 operation did not succeed');
}
}
}
SafeMath.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: agpl-3.0
pragma solidity 0.6.8;
/**
* @dev Wrappers over Solidity's arithmetic operations with added overflow
* checks.
*
* Arithmetic operations in Solidity wrap on overflow. This can easily result
* in bugs, because programmers usually assume that an overflow raises an
* error, which is the standard behavior in high level programming languages.
* `SafeMath` restores this intuition by reverting the transaction when an
* operation overflows.
*
* Using this library instead of the unchecked operations eliminates an entire
* class of bugs, so it's recommended to use it always.
*/
library SafeMath {
/**
* @dev Returns the addition of two unsigned integers, reverting on
* overflow.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `+` operator.
*
* Requirements:
* - Addition cannot overflow.
*/
function add(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
uint256 c = a + b;
require(c >= a, 'SafeMath: addition overflow');
return c;
}
/**
* @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting on
* overflow (when the result is negative).
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
*
* Requirements:
* - Subtraction cannot overflow.
*/
function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
return sub(a, b, 'SafeMath: subtraction overflow');
}
/**
* @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting with custom message on
* overflow (when the result is negative).
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
*
* Requirements:
* - Subtraction cannot overflow.
*/
function sub(
uint256 a,
uint256 b,
string memory errorMessage
) internal pure returns (uint256) {
require(b <= a, errorMessage);
uint256 c = a - b;
return c;
}
/**
* @dev Returns the multiplication of two unsigned integers, reverting on
* overflow.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `*` operator.
*
* Requirements:
* - Multiplication cannot overflow.
*/
function mul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
// Gas optimization: this is cheaper than requiring 'a' not being zero, but the
// benefit is lost if 'b' is also tested.
// See: https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/pull/522
if (a == 0) {
return 0;
}
uint256 c = a * b;
require(c / a == b, 'SafeMath: multiplication overflow');
return c;
}
/**
* @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts on
* division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
* `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
* uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
*
* Requirements:
* - The divisor cannot be zero.
*/
function div(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
return div(a, b, 'SafeMath: division by zero');
}
/**
* @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts with custom message on
* division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
* `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
* uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
*
* Requirements:
* - The divisor cannot be zero.
*/
function div(
uint256 a,
uint256 b,
string memory errorMessage
) internal pure returns (uint256) {
// Solidity only automatically asserts when dividing by 0
require(b > 0, errorMessage);
uint256 c = a / b;
// assert(a == b * c + a % b); // There is no case in which this doesn't hold
return c;
}
/**
* @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
* Reverts when dividing by zero.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
* opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
* invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
*
* Requirements:
* - The divisor cannot be zero.
*/
function mod(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
return mod(a, b, 'SafeMath: modulo by zero');
}
/**
* @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
* Reverts with custom message when dividing by zero.
*
* Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
* opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
* invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
*
* Requirements:
* - The divisor cannot be zero.
*/
function mod(
uint256 a,
uint256 b,
string memory errorMessage
) internal pure returns (uint256) {
require(b != 0, errorMessage);
return a % b;
}
}
Address.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: agpl-3.0
pragma solidity 0.6.8;
/**
* @dev Collection of functions related to the address type
*/
library Address {
/**
* @dev Returns true if `account` is a contract.
*
* [IMPORTANT]
* ====
* It is unsafe to assume that an address for which this function returns
* false is an externally-owned account (EOA) and not a contract.
*
* Among others, `isContract` will return false for the following
* types of addresses:
*
* - an externally-owned account
* - a contract in construction
* - an address where a contract will be created
* - an address where a contract lived, but was destroyed
* ====
*/
function isContract(address account) internal view returns (bool) {
// According to EIP-1052, 0x0 is the value returned for not-yet created accounts
// and 0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470 is returned
// for accounts without code, i.e. `keccak256('')`
bytes32 codehash;
bytes32 accountHash = 0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470;
// solhint-disable-next-line no-inline-assembly
assembly {
codehash := extcodehash(account)
}
return (codehash != accountHash && codehash != 0x0);
}
/**
* @dev Replacement for Solidity's `transfer`: sends `amount` wei to
* `recipient`, forwarding all available gas and reverting on errors.
*
* https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-1884[EIP1884] increases the gas cost
* of certain opcodes, possibly making contracts go over the 2300 gas limit
* imposed by `transfer`, making them unable to receive funds via
* `transfer`. {sendValue} removes this limitation.
*
* https://diligence.consensys.net/posts/2019/09/stop-using-soliditys-transfer-now/[Learn more].
*
* IMPORTANT: because control is transferred to `recipient`, care must be
* taken to not create reentrancy vulnerabilities. Consider using
* {ReentrancyGuard} or the
* https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.11/security-considerations.html#use-the-checks-effects-interactions-pattern[checks-effects-interactions pattern].
*/
function sendValue(address payable recipient, uint256 amount) internal {
require(address(this).balance >= amount, 'Address: insufficient balance');
// solhint-disable-next-line avoid-low-level-calls, avoid-call-value
(bool success, ) = recipient.call{value: amount}('');
require(success, 'Address: unable to send value, recipient may have reverted');
}
}